The division of labour follows a similar pattern to that of other developed countries. The number of people employed in agriculture and other primary industries declined, while the number of people employed in services and other tertiary industries increased.
The government has declared that reducing working hours is of utmost importance in order to improve the quality of life of the Japanese people. Amendments to the Labor Standards Law, the introduction of a five-day work week, and measures such as allowing substitute holidays when public holidays fall on Sundays have contributed to the reduction of working hours. In addition, the government has been making further preparations in recent years, including amendments to the law.
We have improved the rate of taking vacations, promoted shorter working hours, and become more flexible in working hours.
Until a while ago, the unemployment rate in Japan was very low and stable. It gradually rises and then hovers around 4-5%. Foreigners have often commented that this unemployment rate is still lower than in many other countries. However, the way the Japanese calculate the unemployment rate should be considered as follows.
You have to consider that Japan’s unemployment rate does not include people who have looked for a job but given up. If these people are included, Japan’s unemployment rate jumps to more than 10%.